The treaty forced Armenia to disarm most of its military forces, cede all former Ottoman territory granted to it by the Treaty of Sèvres, and to give up all of the ”Wilsonian Armenia” granted to it on the Sèvres treaty. Simultaneously, the Soviet Eleventh Army, beneath the command of Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze, invaded Armenia at Karavansarai (present-day Ijevan) on 29 November. By four December, Ordzhonikidze’s forces entered Yerevan and the brief-lived Armenian republic collapsed. The First Republic’s short-lived independence was fraught with struggle, territorial disputes, and a mass inflow of refugees from Ottoman Armenia, bringing with them disease and hunger. The Entente Powers, appalled by the actions of the Ottoman authorities, sought to assist the newly founded Armenian state through reduction funds and different types of support.
Armenia–European Union relations
The space retained a big Armenian population till 1914 when World War I began the Azerbaijan was invaded by the Ottomans who slaughtered a lot of the native Armenian inhabitants. Prior to the Ottoman invasion there have been about a hundred and fifty,000 Armenians in Azerbaijan, and 30,000 of them were in Tabriz.
On December 30, 1922 the Transcaucasian SFSR grew to become one of many four Soviet republics that united to kind the USSR. The flag of the republic had a hammer and sickle inserted right into a star with initials ”ЗСФСР” (ZSFSR) written in Russian sans-serif script. The Bolshevik Revolution of October, 1917 compelled the issue of independence for the peoples of Transcaucasia, for the reason that Bolsheviks enjoyed little support in the region. In February, 1918, the Armenians, Georgians and Azeris shaped their own Transcaucasian parliament. Armenians united beneath Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians.
Cilicia’s significance in Armenian history and statehood can be attested by the switch of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the spiritual leader of the Armenian people, to the area. Like other former states, Armenia’s financial system suffers from the legacy of a centrally deliberate economy and the breakdown of former Soviet trading patterns.
After the Council, Catholicos Abraham wrote an encyclical letter addressed to the individuals, blaming Kurion and his adherents for the schism. The Council by no means set up canons; it only disadvantaged Georgians from taking Communion in the Armenian Church. Despite this, the Albanian Church remained under the jurisdiction of the Armenian Church whereas in communion with the Georgian Church. The Armenian Orthodox Church believes in apostolic succession via the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus. According to tradition, the latter of the two apostles is said to have cured Abgar V of Edessa of leprosy with the Image of Edessa, resulting in his conversion in 30 AD. Thaddaeus was then commissioned by Abgar to proselytize all through Armenia, where he converted the king Sanatruk’s daughter, who was finally martyred alongside Thaddeus when Sanatruk later fell into apostasy. After this, Bartholomew came to Armenia, bringing a portrait of the Virgin Mary, which he placed in a nunnery he based over a former temple of Anahit.
Today, the Armenian diaspora refers to communities of Armenians dwelling outside of Armenia. The whole Armenian population living worldwide is estimated to be 11,000,000.
Armenian Women Body Shape & Body Types With Photos
Land routes via Georgia and Iran are insufficient or unreliable. The GDP fell almost 60% between 1989 and 1993, however then resumed strong growth. The nationwide currency, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the first years after its introduction in 1993. On 21 September 1991, Armenia officially declared its independence after the failed August coup in Moscow. Levon Ter-Petrosyan was popularly elected the primary President of the newly impartial Republic of Armenia on 16 October 1991. He had risen to prominence by leading the Karabakh motion for the unification of the Armenian-populated Nagorno-Karabakh. On 26 December 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist and Armenia’s independence was recognised.
Being a landlocked nation, water sports activities can only be practised on lakes, notably Lake Sevan. Competitively, Armenia has been profitable in chess, weightlifting and wrestling at the international level. Armenia is also an active member of the worldwide sports community, with full membership within the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity.
Orthopraxy was conceived by Vrtanes and his Armenian colleagues by way of liturgical performance in Jerusalem. In 353, King Papas (Pap) appointed Catholicos Husik with out first sending him to Caesarea for commissioning earlier than Rome had any plans for a universal Roman church.[sixteen] Its Catholicos was still represented at the First Council of Constantinople (381). Armenians of the Diaspora are the primary speakers of the Western dialect of the Armenian language. This dialect has appreciable variations with Eastern Armenian, however audio system of both of the 2 variations can normally perceive one another.
EU membership perspective
Armenia have never qualified for a major match though current improvements noticed the staff to achieve armenian girl forty fourth place in the FIFA World Rankings in September 2011. The national staff is managed by the Football Federation of Armenia.
Armenian non secular relations with the Roman Catholic Church
Armenia is a unitary, multi-get together, democratic nation-state with an historical cultural heritage. Urartu was established in 860 BC and by the sixth century BC it was changed by the Satrapy of Armenia. Under the Bagratuni dynasty, the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia was restored in the ninth century.
Page about Armenia’s wealthy history by the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Armenian Mission to the United Nations official web site supplies statements and different info that’s relevant to Armenia’s work at the United Nations. National Program on Energy Saving and Renewable Energy of Republic of Armenia Archived at the Wayback Machine, Scientific Research Institute of Energy for the Alliance to Save Energy, 2007.